Metrics to Measure Health beyong Weight

Metrics To Measure Health Beyond Weight

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Individuals keep a track of everything from calories to steps. But there is one metric which is always claimed, criticized and condemned with regards to health- weight. This is article talks about various metrics to measure health beyond weight.

Due to the emphasis on this particular figure, individuals in general believe it’s of the most important parameter with regards to your health. It is not a definite measure. Your health really boils down to a couple of parameters taken into consideration. These incorporate age, muscle-fat ratio, height-weight ratio, gender, body composition and various other clinical parameters.

Being overweight can predispose an individual to various health issues such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases.

Not every person who has excess weight develops medical issues. Instead of hopping on the scale, you can count a few other aspects of your daily life to better measure your health. Here are nine to know about.

Metrics to measure health beyond weight
  1. Height to Weight Chart

One of the most widely used metric by population is the height to weight ratio. The two primary parameters that impact your health – your height and weight are co-related using height and weight charts. It sets the standards for you to determine if your height and weight are in harmony, mirroring the state of your health

Height-weight chart can determine if you are right weight according to your stature. This metric is used by several professionals to monitor the following:

  1. childhood growth and development
  2. weight management
  3. weight loss

Height and weight charts are standard tools that help analyze potential health issues. While these can help up to some extent, there’s no one size-fits-all number for each individual. According to sources a BMI evaluation is a screening instrument that can be calculated with the height-weight ratio, however it shouldn’t be the single test depended upon for any conclusion.

When your ratio is deviating from the mean value, it can used as an indication for health intervention. It may be helpful to schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider to ensure that no underlying health problems exist.

A reference chart for both men and women is given below

Height and Weight Chart For Men

 

Height
Weight
InchesCentimetresKilograms
4’6”13728.5 – 34.9
4’7”14030.8 – 38.1
4’8”14233.5 – 40.8
4’9”14535.8 – 43.9
4’10”14738.5 – 46.7
4’11”15040.8 – 49.9
5’0”1524.1 – 53
5’1”15545.8 – 55.8 
5’2”15748.1 – 58.9
5’3”16050.8 – 60.1 
5’4”1635.0 – 64.8 
5’5”16555.3 – 68
5’6”16858 – 70.7
5’7”17060.3 – 73.9 
5’8”17363 – 70.6
5’9”17565.3 – 79.8
5’10”17867.6 – 83
5’11”18070.3 – 85.7
6’0”18372.6 – 88.9

 

Height and Weight Chart For Women

 

Height
Weight
InchesCentimetresKilograms
4’6”13728.5 – 34.9
4’7”14030.8 – 38.1
4’8”14233.5 – 40.8
4’9”14535.8 – 43.9
4’10”14738.5 – 46.7
4’11”15040.8 – 49.9
5’0”1524.1 – 53
5’1”15545.8 – 55.8 
5’2”15748.1 – 58.9
5’3”16050.8 – 60.1 
5’4”1635.0 – 64.8 
5’5”16555.3 – 68
5’6”16858 – 70.7
5’7”17060.3 – 73.9 
5’8”17363 – 70.6
5’9”17565.3 – 79.8
5’10”17867.6 – 83
5’11”18070.3 – 85.7
6’0”18372.6 – 88.9
  •  Body mass index ( BMI)

    Body Mass Index is a common tool used to whether a person has an appropriate body weight corresponding to their height. It measures a person’s weight in relation to their height.

National Institute of Health has divided individuals into three categories basis their BMI

  • Underweight: A person having a BMI of less than 18.5 
  • Normal: A person having BMI of between 18.5 and 24.9.
  • Overweight: A person having a  BMI between 25 and 29.9.
  • Obesity: A BMI over 30 indicates obesity.

BMI of a person can be calculated by diving the weight of an individual in kg by the square of the height of that individual in meters. Nowadays, various calculator are available online that can assess to calculate the BMI.

metrics to measure health beyond weight

  • Waist Circumference

Waist Circumference is one of the few metrics to measure health beyond weight. It is indicative of visceral fat, which is the fat that encompasses the inner organs. Visceral fat is a significantly more precise indicator of obesity related health hazards than generally overall fat. This parameter can explain more about a persons risk of developing diseases than weight.

It is used to evaluate the danger of different health conditions like stroke, sleep apnea, and coronary heart disease.

The normal range of waist circumference for both men and women are enlisted below:

  • Men- A waist- circumference equal to or greater than 95 cm in men predisposes them to various health issues. If a man has a WC greater than 102 cm, he is at a substantially increased risk.
  • Women-A waist- circumference equal to or greater than 80 cm in women predisposes them to various health issues. If a woman has a WC greater than 88 cm, she is at a substantially increased risk.

 

  • Waist to Hip Ratio

An individual’s waist to-hip estimation compares their abdomen size and that of their hips. Research has indicated that individuals who have more body fat fat around their midsection are more vulnerable to metabolic syndromes such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes. Measurement of the hip ratio is taken exactly at the point of highest elevation of the hip.

The higher the waist circumference in relation to the hips, the more peculiar is the hazard. Thus, the waist to-hip ratio (WHR) is a helpful metric for figuring whether an individual has a healthy weight and size.

In males

  • Below 0.9: The risk of cardiovascular health problems is low.
  • From 0.9 to 0.99: The risk is moderate.
  • At 1.0 or over: The risk is high.

In females

  • Below 0.8: The risk is low.
  • From 0.8 to 0.89: The risk is moderate.
  • At 0.9 or above: The risk is high.

 

  • Body Fat Percentage

Body fat percentage is one of the most important metrics while assessing health of an individual. It is is the weight of an individual’s fat divided by their total weight.

It has two components essential fat and storage fat.

Essential Fat: An individual needs essential fat to endure. It plays a vital role in a wide range of bodily functions. For men, it is beneficial to have 2 to 4 percent of their body composition as essential fat. For females, the figure is 10 to 13 percent, as indicated by the American Council on Exercise (ACE).

Storage fat: Fatty tissue protects the inside organs in the chest and mid-region, and the body can utilize it as a source of fuel if required.

metric to measure health beyond weight

A high proportion of body fat can indicate a greater risk of:

  • diabetes
  • heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • stroke

 

  • High Blood Pressure

Hypertension can expand the danger of coronary diseases or stroke and is known as the “silent killer” since it might not have clear symptoms, as per the American Heart Association (AHA).

In spite of the fact that you don’t really need to check your own pulse regularly, it’s significantly important to keep up the blood pressure in the normal range. The AHA suggests that individuals over age 20 with with normal blood pressure should get it checked every one to two years. If you have hypertension or high blood pressure then your practitioner may suggest an alternate calendar.

At the point when hypertension is not in control, one serious complication that may emerge is atherosclerosis. Basically, exceptionally high blood pressure may add to the harm of significant vessels in your body.

Blood pressure can be measure with the help of an instrument called sphygmomanometer. It is measured around the arm.

metric of health beyond weight

  • Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol levels vary with gender, age and weight. Over the long run, individuals body produces more cholesterol, therefore the healthy adults should check their cholesterol levels every 2-4 years.

Cholesterol is categorized in three componentes:

  1. total cholesterol
  2. LDL, or ‘bad cholesterol”
  3. HDL, or ‘good cholesterol”

Recommended Levels Of Cholesterol 

  • Total serum cholesterol levels under 200 milligrams for every deciliter (mg/dL) are viewed under normal range for adults. A reading somewhere in the range of 200 and 239 mg/dL is viewed as marginal high and that of 240 mg/dL or more is considered as high.
  • LDL cholesterol should be less than 100 mg/dL. A reading between 130 to 159 mg/dL is borderline high and 160 to 189 mg/dL is high and is associated with various health conditions such are coronary heart diseases, atherosclerosis, cardio-vascular diseases.
  • HDL levels should be kept higher. A reading of less than 40 mg/dL is considered a major risk factor for heart disease.

There is no ideal way or metric to determine the health of an individual. There is no one size fits all thumb rule when it comes to assessing the well being. Numerous factors determine if a person is healthy or not. These  include age, height, weight, waist circumference etc.

If a person wants to lead a healthy lifestyle, it is extremely essential to consider all the metrics mentioned in this article. A healthy diet and lifestyle are the key to a healthy tomorrow.

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